The 3rd & 4th conjugation endings for the Passive form - Passive means the action is being done to the subject.
Examples: The porcupine is being hugged. The cat is being bathed. The slave was being smacked by the lion. *notice how it uses a form of the verb to be, to express passiveness
Examples: audio, audire, audivi, auditus
1. take the stem of audi, from the Infinitive 'audire' - drop the '-re' ending & add Passive ending forms to stem: Present Passive
audior- I am being heard audimur- we are being heard audiris- you are being heard audiminini- you (pl.) are being heard auditur- he, she, it is being heard audiuntur- they are being heard
Examples: duco, ducere, duxi, ductus- lead ducebar- I was being led ducebamur- we were being led ducebaris- you were being led ducebamini- you (pl.) were being led ducebatur- he, she, it was being led ducebantur- they are being led
***Nota bene- you recognize the pattern of the Imperfect tense with - ba, -bas, -bat + passive endings
capio, capere, cepi, captus- seize Examples:
capiar- I will be seized capiemur- we will be seized capieris- you will be seized capiemini- you will be seized capietur- he, she, it will be seized capientur- they will be seized
Nota bene, that 3rd & 4th conjugations have an 'a' in the first person, future tense, the rest has an 'e' to signal the future tense.