How are the direct object & the indirect object used together?
Keep these simple rules in mind,
1. The indirect object (iop) always goes before the direct object(dop).
2.If there is only one main verb, they go before the verb
Huh??? No worries, see examples below,
Examples: Mom gives the kid medicine. What's being given? the medicine (direct object) To whom is it being given to? the kid (indirect object) Clue word for i.o.p is give)
Now, in Spanish
La mamá da medicina a la niña.Mom gives medicine to the kid. (verb) (dop) (iop) La mamá le da medicina.- Mom gives medicine to her La mamá le la da- Mom gives it to her (NOT DONE YET!!!)
Notice how the iop, goes before the dop, BUT, when you have them together, the iop (le) changes to se- why because of the sound,
We can't say le lo...
It only happens when the indirect object (le, les) + lo, las (direct object) are together
The indirect object must change to se (regardless of singular or plural iop form)
Le + lo- changes to se lo... I give him the keys- yo le doy las llaves- yo se las doy les + la- changes to se la ...they give her the key - ellos le la dan- ellos se la dan
les + lo- changes to se lo...they give the money to them- ellos les lo dan- ellos se lo dan le + las- changes to se las ...he gives the books to him- Él le los da- Él se los da
But what if there are two verbs??
1.You can place them before the main verb, just like you would if there was only one verb or... 2. you can attach them to the infinitive, when there are two verbs, for example...
Yo quiero dar las llaves a Juan - I want to give the keys to Juan (main verb) (infinitive) a) yo quiero dárselas - I want to give them to him OR b) yo se las quiero dar- I want to give them to him (iop)(dop) (main verb) (infinitive)
* If you do use the form to attach the double object pronoun, say the word a few times and you'll be able to place the accent mark on the syllable that's stressed. Count from the end of the word backward, and accent (')